Figures and maps are used for publications, reports and presentation and this is what GIS is commonly used for. However, so many ecological projects that have spatial components to them and researching is therefore made important. Such research projects can be anything from sampling sites distribution to capturing locations, information on habitat types and distribution to movement of animals. For this reason, most of the projects highly benefit from GIS in exploring the spatial relationships between and within the important data. Even though some of the projects can be handled without the geographic information system, many of them are greatly enhanced and here is how.
- The creation of GIS helps in the formulation of hypotheses for tests or to make new suggestions for ecological exploration. By looking at the provided data in spatial manner, it is possible for potential spatial issues to be identified. For instance, distributing sampling sites can help identify which sites are closer and more similar and this is made possible by a database format or spreadsheet. The system can also be used to plot locations of specific animal species recorded over habitat variables; hence ideas on species distribution can be developed. It helps to look at the variables on a wider range something that would be harder to get clearer on paper charts and maps.
- GIS can be used for making measurements and carrying out calculations that would have been harder to achieve. Ecologists are able to use data collected to find out a number of things from their study areas such as how much of an area has the specified habitat type or how much of the areas is higher that the gradient consisted in the research among other things. It can also be used to calculate home range size or total areas that have been occupied by a given species and to calculate how long the survey tracks are and the survey effort needed.
- New variables can also be calculated using GIS in that aspect and the slope of topography from altitude and elevation information can be achieved. Likewise, in a marine environment, the data can be used to estimate fronts through water temperature analysis at a location and surrounding areas.
- Still in ecology, GIS can be used to link data as needed for statistical analysis. The system offers an easy creation of the tables needed for such statistical presentations and also make it easier to populate the tables with relevant information such as slope gradient and altitude. It basically simplifies preparation of data needed for statistical analysis.
- GIS is also useful in the display of data because it provides essential information on collection of the data. The collection of ecological data can be very complex and planning is very necessary for successful research. GIS offers vital details needed in the coverage to make the research projects successful in the end. It for instance ensures that the right range of altitudes is sampled to keep issues from cropping up later when the research has already been done.
GIS projects can be very serious, especially because the data is usually used to make very serious decisions such as those that are involved in ecological researches. Find a GIS company you can fully trust for quality services.